Klemens: Digital issues now online

The translation is rough, but here is some nackground for the digitization of Klemens, the officla publication of the former Diocese of Tiraspol in Saratov.

The complete list of issues available can be found here.

Many thanks to Alexander Spak.

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“KLEMENS” ( “Klemens”), a Catholic weekly magazine in German, published in 1897-1907 in Saratov; in 1907-14 he appeared as a Sunday supplement to the newspaper Deutsche Rundschau, first in Saratov, and from January 1908 (No. 12) in Odessa. The font of the magazine is Gothic. Format – 28×32, volume: 1st year ed. (1897/98) – 16 p., From the 2nd (1898/99) to the 7th (1903/04). ed. – 8 pp., From the 8th (1904/05) to the 10th (1906/07). ed. – 16 p., From the 11th (1907/08) to the 17th (1913/14). ed. – 8 p. Page numbering is continuous throughout the year. Frequency: 1 time per week; in 1906/07 (10th year of publication) – 2 times a week. Circulation – not clarified. The annual subscription price is 3 rubles. with shipment.

Klemens.

Click the icon to open the newspaper.


The trial number of the journal was published on August 24, 1897, and the first issue was October 8, 1897. The publishing year was considered from October of the current year to September of the next, therefore the first year of publication falls on 1897/98, the second – 1898/99, the third – 1899/1900, etc.

Publisher and executive editor of the magazine from the 1st to the 9th years. ed. (from October 1897 to September 1906) was professor of Tiraspol Roman Catholic theological seminary Joseph Krushinsky . After the prelate Y. Krushinsky left editorial work, the post of executive editor from October 1906 (10th ed.) To October 1909 (No. 4, 1909/10) was occupied by the former rector of the Ekaterinstadt Roman Catholic Church,  Philip Becker  and with No. 5, 1909/10 (13th ed.) And until closing in 1914 – Dr. Michael Hilfer. The publisher of the magazine from October 1906 to May 1909 was the Klemensgesellschaft society, which was first located in Saratov, and from January 1908 in Odessa. From May 1909 until its closure in 1914, the publisher of the magazine was the Klemensverein Society in Odessa.

The magazine was printed: in 1897-1906 – in the printing house “G.Kh. Shelhorn and Co.” in Saratov, in 1906-07 – in the printing house of the Clemens Partnership in Saratov, in 1907-14 – in the printing house of the St. Clement Society in Odessa, which was located first on Yekaterininsky streets, at number 35, and later the printing house moved to Deribasovskaya street, at number 13.

The magazine published Joseph Krushinsky  under the pseudonym Jeromeus (Hieronymus), Joseph Kessler  (Josef Keßler), Valentin Greiner (Valentin Greiner),  Alois Schönfeld, J. Altmeier (Josef Altmeier), M. Andow (M. Andow), I. Befart (Joh. Bewkas), Adolf von Dnjestrberg (pseudo), Friedrich Dornhoff (Friedrich Dornhoff ), Jakob Ecker, Anton Fleck, I. Graf, J. Graf, Gottfried Hacker, Josef Hollmann, I.V. Jansen (JW Jansen), Adolf Kolping (Adolf Kolping), Erich Kraft (Erich Kraft), Josef Neugum (Josef Neugum), Kordula Peregrina (pseudo.) (Cordula Peregrina), L.A. Roos (L.A. Roos), L.I. Schoenfeld (L. Joh. Schönfeld), Franz von Seeburg (Franz von Seeburg), I. Siebenhar (Joh. Siebenhaar), Joseph Shpilman (Joseph Spillmann), Raymund Ullmann (Raymund Ullmann), Louis Cepelin (Ludowika Zepelin) and others.

Despite the fact that the magazine had a religious orientation, it published materials of a general nature, including reports on the history of the creation of colonies, traditions and culture of the Volga migrants, various statistical materials were cited. During the discussion of school problems, the magazine discussed issues of teaching the Russian language in German schools (Alois Kaul, Noch ein Wort über unsere Kirchenschulen // 8th year of publication (1904/05), No. 5; Georg Götte, Unsere Dorfschule // 8th year of publication (1904/05), Nos. 9-11, 15, 17, 23, 24). During the revolution of 1905, the journal published critical material regarding the behavior of certain clergymen (criticism of the activities of Catholic priests in the Rovnoye colony (Zelman), whom the residents accused of being servile to the government and the opposition to reform). In 1899/1900 (3rd year ed.“Stephan Heindel” of Ironimus (Hieronymus, literary pseudonym of J. Krushinsky ).

Constant headings: Papal Epistles and Epistles, Episcopal Epistles, Highest Decrees, Official News, Announcements, Articles, Stories, Poems, Sketches, Messages from Colonies, Biographies, History, Obituaries, Miscellaneous, etc. At different times, the magazine had appendices to individual issues : 1902/03 to No. 18, 39; 1903/04 to nos. 4, 52; 1904/05 to No. 30 – Statuten des Unterstützung-vereins; 1904/05 to No. 43 and others.

Starting from the 11th year of publication (No. 12, 1907/08), the magazine was transferred to Odessa and published as a Sunday supplement to the daily newspaper Deutsche Rundschau (German Review). With number 19 of February 9, 1914 (the 17th year of publication) came out with the subtitle “Beilage der Deutschen Rundschau. Sonntagsblatt der Diözese Tiraspol “(Appendix to the German Review. Sunday newspaper of the Tiraspol diocese). Closed on August 17, 1914 together with the newspaper Deutsche Rundschau by order of the Governor-General of Odessa M.I. Ebelova.

The last issue was published in August 1914 (No. 46 dated August 17, 1914).

Alexander Shpak

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Volga German Postal History

Kamenka2

The Post-Rider was a publication of the Canadian Society of Russian Philately.

Now defunct, the organization published amazing articles dealing with Volga German postmarks and postal history.

Those archives and articles are available online.  Here is a link to the various editions that covered this fascinating topic:

Vol.8, p50 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/0000…h=post-rider

vol.9, p56 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/0000…h=post-rider

vol.12 p.37 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/0001…h=post-rider

vol.53, p. 70 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/0005…h=post-rider

vol.54, p.97 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/0005…h=post-rider

vol.55, p.71 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/0005…h=post-rider

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Klemens: Index

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Published in Saratov, Klemens was the official newspaper of the Diocese of Tiraspol.

As an addendum to the newspaper, was an index, published on a yearly basis.

Available are indexes for 1897 to 1907/08, in pdf format here.

Researchers needing access to this publication can find microfilm copies at the archives at the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (AHSGR).

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Clemens Blatt: 1924

ClemensBlatt1924a

One of publications for those Volga Germans and other “Russlanddeutsche”, was the monthly “Clemens Blatt”. It was named in honour of Saint Clemens, the saint whose name was featured in the Catholic Cathedral in Saratov, the head of the entire Diocese of Tiraspol. The main editor was Father Nikolaus Maier, a Volga German priest who had successfully escaped from Russia, and was published in Berlin.

Subscribers were all over the world, in the USA, Canada and in Argentina.

Sadly, it lasted just one year. But it features articles of historical value for those with Volga German heritage.

You can download the entire year here.

Enjoy!

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German village of Semenovka in the Caucasus (Kavkas)

This is an article from 1900 that details the history of the German village of Semenovka, in the Caucasus area of Russia.

Many of the original settlers of this village were Volga Germans.

It’s old Russian…perhaps someone will be able to translate it?

Enjoy.

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Heimkehr

A German language newspaper, produced to track the many German refugees in the from the First World War and the early 1920’s was “Heimkehr”.

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Later on, in the 1920’s, this newspaper had an insert: “Mitteilungen des Vereins der Wolgadeutschen”.

This section dealt with the arrival of many Volga Germans to various refugee camps in Eastern and Western Europe.

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Many of these articles have been translated and are available at:

Heimkehrlager at Frankfurt/Oder

For those interested, here is a link to the pdf scans of the publication.

Enjoy!

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Das Wolga Journal

Das Wolga Journal Doctor Valentin Rothermel, and the Wolga-German Aid Society (based in Chicago), in the 1920’s and 1930’s, published a periodical called “Das Wolga Journal” (aka The Volga Journal)

There were regular articles from Russia, news from the Volga, as well as documentation on how the Volga German community in North America was working to preserve their culture and heritage.

Does anyone have access to copies of this publication? AHSGR has some of them, but it would be great to track down additional copies. Please advise and contact us. Thanks!

Those involved in the publication, including “Agents”, those who promoted sale of the publication, as found in the pages of “Das Wolga Journal”, were:

Jakob Klein (Publisher)
Robert Klein (Business-Mgr)

Volga German Benefit Association of Chicago

Dr. V. Rothermel (Editor)
Alex E. Heinze (Business-Mgr)
Fred Ritter (President)
Henry Rusch (Secretary)

John S. Sinner, Portland, Ore
Georg Miller, Newark, New Jersey
A.W. Beisel, Loveland, Colorado
H.P. Stetz, Fresno, California
Heinrich Heinze, Maywood, Illinois
Conrad Okell, Maywood, Illinois
Henry Franz, Maywood, Illinois
Adolf Rohr, chicago, Illinois

Wolga-Deutscher G.U. Verein, Sheboygan, Wisconsin

Phil Lichtenwald, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin
David Feil, Macklin, Saskatchewan
Jakob Kreis, American Club, Kohler, Wisconsin

Maybe someone connected to these families might have old copies available?

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Brüder in Not!

Brüder in Not!In the 1930’s, specifically around 1933, famine raged along the Volga.

Soviet officials refused to acknowledge the disaster, making it one of the many crimes against humanity that communism is known for.

As famine raged, Volga Germans all over the world received letters from their loved ones begging for money…any help at all.

Documentation was published, claiming that thousands of letter have been received bi aid organizations in Germany.

One of those groups published a pamphlet, entitled “Brüder in Not!”.

There is a scan of that article here.

Also of note is an article that appeared in Die Welt Post, also from 1933.

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Information can still be researched at the Ecclesiastical Archive Centre in Berlin. Here is a link to the material they have on the topic of the Volga famine in the 1930’s.

Perhaps someday, someone will be able to explore the treasure trove of information, still held in German archives.

 

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The Disappearing Russian Embassy Archives, 1922-49

A fascinating glimpse into what happened to the Consular archives of Imperial Russia, that were located in the United States.  This article appeared in the Spring 1982 edition of Prologue.

Microfilms can be ordered and viewed at Family History Libraries, see this reference.

Information on these records as they pertain to Canadians can be researched here.

Further info can be found here.

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Killed, wounded & Missing soldiers: Saratov and Samara Province 1915

№ 1311-1330 (12.66 Mb) - страница 145 2015-12-08 12-36-03Thanks to Angela Gartner, over on her Volmer village web page, we have access to some lists put out by the Russian State Library that deal with killed, missing or wounded soldiers from Saratov and Samara Province.

A look at some of the names and village lists will see many that are Volga Germans.

I would be interesting to see if any more such lists exist and are available in a digital form.

I’ve taken these and put them in a pdf format for anyone to use.
 
Here they are.

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Online database of Bakalstroy-Chelyabmetallurgstroy labour camp near Chelyabinsk

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A link to the actual database can be found here.

For photographs from the camp, you can access those here.

Volga-Germans, indeed Russian Germans in general were sent to this GULAG camp, one of the largest in the former USSR.

lag68

 

 

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Olga Litzenberger: History of German settlement on the Volga: Part 3 Catholics

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H/T

This work is the third volume reference book, giving a historical characteristic of the Volga German settlements. The first and second volumes of 91 entered the history of the Lutheran colony, in the third – 45 Catholic colonies. In certain sections of each of the articles describes the geographical location and administrative-territorial belonging of the settlement in the XIX-XX centuries, indicated population, analyzes the current state of the objects of German architecture. Considerable attention is given to each of the articles of faith of residents, the pages of history of the community and the parish church, the architectural features of churches, characteristic of the school.

Of particular value for those interested in genealogy will be listed at the end of the article data registers of births for each of the German colonies and other archival sources. The publication contains numerous illustrations, which are designed to better convey the atmosphere in which they lived Volga Germans, as well as the current state of settlements.

For a wide range of readers, historians, ethnographers, all interested in the fate of the German settlements in Russia and the history of the Catholic Church.

ALPHABETICAL LIST German names
Settlements, HISTORY
Which are considered in this publication

Beauregard (Buerak), now with. Privolzhskoye Marksovsky District Saratov region

Brabander (Kazitskoe, Kozitskaya), now the village of Krasnoarmeyskoye Engels District, Saratov Region

Wittmann (Solothurn), now with. Zolotovka Marksovsky District Saratov region

Gattung (Zug), now with. Yastrebovka Marksovsky District Saratov region

Goebel (Ust-Gryaznukha), now with. Ust-Gryaznukha Kamyshin district of the Volgograd region

Geltsel (Kochetnoe, Neyendorf), now with. Kochetnoe Rivne region of Saratov region

Duke (must), no longer exists

Gildman (Panovko), now with. Panovko Kamyshin district of the Volgograd region

Graf (Krutoyarovka), no longer exists

Gusarov (Elshanka), now with. Elshanka Krasnoarmeyskiy district of Saratov region

Degott (Stone Ravine), no longer exists

Deller (Berezovka), now the village of Berezovka Engels District, Saratov Region

Ekaterinenshtadt (Katarinenshtadt, baronial, Ekaterinograd, Marksshtadt Marx) today, Marx Saratov region

Seewald (Seewald, Horse), now does not exist

Zelman (Smooth, Zeelman), now with. Smooth Rivne region of Saratov region

Iozefstal (Iosifstal), no longer exists

Kamenka (Ber), now with. Kamenka Krasnoarmeyskiy district of Saratov region

Koehler (Sentry Buerak), no longer exists

Leyhtling (Ilovlya), no longer exists

Libental (Lyubomyrivka), now with. Pioneer of the Soviet district of the Saratov region

Lui (Otrogovka, Louis Ostrogovka), now RP Steppe of the Soviet district of the Saratov region

Marienberg (Sandy, Bizyukov), now there is no Marienburg (Marinovka), no longer exists

Mariental (Tonkoshurovka), now n. The Soviet of the Soviet district of the Saratov region

Marienfeld (Novonikolaevka), now with. Novonikolaevka Kotovo District, Volgograd region

Ney-Beydek (Beydek, Talovka), no longer exists

Her Colony (Kustarёva-Krasnorynovka), no longer exists

Ney-Marienthal (Marino), now with. Lebedevo Soviet district of the Saratov region

Ney-Obermonzhu (New Krivovsk), now with. Novokrivovka Marksovsky District Saratov region

Obermonzhu (Krivovka, meadows), now with. Krivovskoe Marksovsky District Saratov region

Pokrovskaya Sloboda, now the city of Engels, Saratov region, Saratov region

Preuss (Krasnopole, Price, Preuss), no longer exists

Pfeifer (rotten), now with. Guards Krasnoarmeyskiy district of Saratov region

Remler (Lucerne), now with. Mikhailovka Marksovsky District Saratov region

Rohleder (Rolling), now with. Raskatova Marksovsky District Saratov region

Rotgammel (Memorial), now there is no Saratov city, the German population

Semyonovka (Retling), now with. Semyonovka Kamyshin district of the Volgograd region

Urbach (Antonovka), now with. Pushkino Soviet district of the Saratov region

Vollmer (Kopёnka, Meadow), now with. Meadow Krasnoarmeyskiy district of Saratov region

Franzosi (Rossosh), now with. May Day Krasnoarmeyskiy district of Saratov region

Friedenthal, now does not exist

Shenhen (Panino), no longer exists

Shtrekkerau (Shtrakerau, Novo-Kamenka), now with. Novokamenka Rivne region of Saratov region

Shukk (Gryaznovatka), no longer exists

INTRODUCTION

This publication is a continuation of the first and second volume reference book, released in 2011-2013. In the third volume of the history came 45 German Catholic colonies of the Volga, which were located on the territory of modern Saratov and Volgograd regions. All these German settlements were part of the Tiraspol Roman Catholic diocese with the center in the Volga region and constituted the beginning of XX century the Volga five deans 1).

Tiraspol Roman Catholic Diocese covers the European part of Russia, and south of the country. In 1902, it included 87 parish churches, 34 filial church, 131 clergymen and almost 298,000 worshipers 2).

This publication discusses the history of the Catholic parishes and five branches of the Volga dean of the diocese of Tiraspol, but three urban parishes – Kamyshin, Tsaritsyn and Astrakhan, Saratov belonged to the dean’s office, but not a purely German.

The publication is built on the principle of alphabetical. In each article, the reader will find information on the following topics:

– Geographical location, administrative and territorial affiliation in the XIX-XX centuries;

– A brief history of the settlement;

– School and education of children;

– Residents of religion and its features;

– The parish;

– The date of construction of the church and its architectural features;

– Population and the number of parishioners;

– Pages of the history of the church and the parish community;

– A list of pastors;

– Archival sources;

– The current state of the village and the state of conservation of German architecture;

– An interesting archive document;

– The press at the time of the populated area (translated from German by the author).

The proposed structure can be used as a handy reference publication. Of course, the reader will not find in the book of absolutely all the names, dates and events that make up the history of a particular colony, but an overview of the specific features of the settlement and its development.

The publication was prepared on the basis of archival and other sources. The concentration of a significant number of documents on the history of the Roman Catholic Church in the State Archive of Saratov region (JI-AP, Saratov) and the State Historical Archives of the Volga Germans (GIANP, Engels, Saratov region) is explained not only by the fact that the Volga was one of the largest Catholic Russian regions (here at the beginning of the XX century there were more than one third of the country’s Catholics of German nationality), but also the fact that the residence of the Tiraspol Roman Catholic Diocese from 1856 was in the city of Saratov.

The documents of several Roman Catholic churches located on the territory ascribed after the liquidation of the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1941 to Stalingrad (now Volgograd) region, were transferred in 1950 to the State Archive of Volgograd Region (Gaveau). Currently, the funds are Gaveau several Roman Catholic churches. Unfortunately, many of the documents on the history of German Catholic colony was lost during the Soviet era.

Understanding the main ideas of the book and work on it would have been impossible without the support of my husband Eugene Moshkova, photos of which were an ornament book. I express my gratitude to all those whose photographs, drawings and documents were used in the design of this book 3) is – EA Beyl, T. Bovina and M. Boss, L. Burgart, IA Wasilewski (Munz), E. Geydt E. Keene, KY Konstantinov, YN Konstantinov, Kornev, VM Munz-Korolev, V. Kurbin, YM. Luzanov, VF Malevanova (Munz), V. Mergel, E. Moshkov A. Obgolts, Palamarchuk LA, O. Rhyme, A. Wright, C. Rapp, LG Fresher, A. Shaab, V. Shmel’tser A. Shpak, A. Eberhardt, EM. Etzel.

Thank you, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Igor Plehve Rudolfovich, as well as all those who in any way helped in the creation of the directory – historian Alfred Victor Aysfelda and Herdt, archivists HH Shirov, EM. Erin Roman Catholic Bishops Clemens Pickel and Joseph Werth, sisters N. and G. Vangler Ivashkovskaya and others referred to in the first volumes directory.

I express my sincere appreciation for the invaluable help Karl Karlovich Loor, a descendant of German settlers from the Volga settlements Marienburg and Zurich.

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И МОЯ СЕМЬЯ ДОЛЖНА ПРИНАДЛЕЖАТЬ ИСТОРИИ – And my family should belong to history (2007)

Volgograd2007 001The methodical manual on drawing up a family tree, “And my family should belong to history” (2007), published by the State Archive of the Volgograd region. Includes some of the Volga German villages near Kamyshin, and archival fonds that contain Church and census records. The pdf of the book is located here: http://volga.rusarchives.ru/info/rodoslovnay.pdf

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Privolzhskaya Gazetta

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Privolzh_Gaz_Saratov_1912_02_05_N118_s1

 
Volga German historian and politician Jacob Dietz was the publisher of this newpaper with a limited run in the early 1900’s in Saratov Province.
These are two scan of the paper…the only scans made available to us by the Russian State Library in St. Petersburg.

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